Lisa claims that tenor Andrea Bocelli recorded an entire song on his back. Bocelli apparently did record one track on his Amore album on his back, and demonstrated this technique on an episode of American Idol.
The Springfield Opera House is shaped like the Sydney Opera House.
The scene of Lenny and Carl watching Homer's opera performance from the rafters is a reference to a similar scene in Citizen Kane.
Homer's entourage, Lenny and Carl, is a parody of the HBO comedy-drama series Entourage. The music when Lenny (who dresses like the character of Turtle) and Carl are in the limousine is the show's theme song, "Superhero" by the band Jane's Addiction.
The orchestral sequence featured in the Cobra scene is the overture of Mozart's opera, Don Giovanni.
When Carl and Lenny are sent away from the table at the Gilded Truffle, Carl mutters "Yoko", at Marge. It is a reference to Yoko "breaking up The Beatles", but in this case Marge is breaking up the entourage.
Homer paints a parody of Michelangelo's The Creation of Adam on the ceiling.
During the opera performance, Bart asks Marge if "all conductors carry poison blow darts in their back pocket." Marge replies "Arthur Fiedler used to."
Homer sings the final scene from "La bohème" by Giacomo Puccini.
The restaurants the family passes are references to famous works or events.
Griddler on the Roof is an obvious reference to the play Fiddler on the Roof.
T.G.I. Fried Eggs is a reference to the restaurant T.G.I. Fridays.
Luftwaffles refers to the Luftwaffe, Germany's air unit during WWII.
The restaurant Buffet the Hunger Slayer is a reference to the show (and movie) Buffy the Vampire Slayer.
The police said that they have already "pre-crashed" the chandelier. However, after all the snipers have been shot, the chandelier fell on Julia. However, this could merely be a joke, suggesting the police's incompetence by missing a second chandelier or putting another one up after the first one was "pre-crashed".
When Marge climbs into the funeral, she is wearing the wrong dress and shoes. When she comes out to shout "I'm not cooking" she is wearing the correct dress and shoes.
When Julia got up after all the snipers failed to shoot, they shoot her, but there are no holes, until the scene where she is unconscious. And you can see only one hole.
On Disney+, the description in this episode is from Marge Gamer instead of from this episode, but that was later fixed.